As a general rule, always cut off a branch, twig, or bud that points in the direction you want the tree to grow. This method encourages controlled and healthy new growth. If you're not sure if you should remove a branch, don't cut it. You can always cut it later, but you can never put it back on.
Pruning is the measured removal of parts (such as branches, stems, and flowers) of plants. However, it's not just made for shape and style. Pruning helps control the growth and structure of shrubs and trees, removes dead or diseased stems and branches, and encourages the development of new flowers, fruits and foliage. Especially when it comes to woody plants like trees and shrubs, pruning is a great way to keep them growing in a healthy way.
Proper tree pruning is an art based on the scientific principles of plant physiology. At its most basic level, tree pruning involves removing damaged, dead, or structurally weak branches, which will improve the health of the tree and reduce the chances of personal or material harm caused by falling branches. The most advanced pruning methods help improve the structure and health of the tree in the long term. Young trees that are improperly pruned or not pruned at all for several years may require intensive pruning to remove larger branches and prevent trees from deforming.