The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501 (c) (non-profit) organization for conservation and education. A million members, donors and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. It's what we all crave from our trees, but it can often take a long time to achieve it. Looking for faster results? Check out these 12 fast-growing shade trees.
Hackerel, while often overlooked by casual consumers, is commonly advertised by tree experts as “a tough tree”. These trees, found in a wide range of soils east of the Rocky Mountains, from southern Canada to Florida, thrive in a wide range of temperatures and in sites that range from 14 to 60″ of annual rainfall. They can even withstand strong winds and tolerate air pollution. We inspire people to plant, care for and celebrate trees.
The downside of most oak trees is that they grow slowly and will take many years to establish. The tulip, Liriodendron tulipifera, a versatile tree that can grow in zones 4 to 9, is named for its charming tulip-shaped flowers, which bloom in spring. John Rogan, professor of geography at Clark University (opens in a new tab), prefers tuliparbol as a shade provider because of its rapid growth. In his work, Rogan has led studies on the impact that trees have on the Earth's surface temperature and believes that they are the key to reducing our home's cooling costs in summer by up to 20 percent.
The American mahogany, Swietenia mahagoni, is native to South Florida, where it is a popular shade tree, as well as from the Caribbean islands. It will grow successfully in zones 10 and 11, so follow the philosophy of the right tree, the right place. This sturdy hardwood tree adapts well to storms and has fragrant clusters of flowers in spring and summer. Its maximum height for adults is around 30 meters.
Few trees evoke lazy summer days as much as the weeping willow (Salix babylonica), which provides a protective canopy in the shape of a branch that is perfect for picnicking underneath. Unfortunately, weeping willows are not suitable for smaller gardens, as their roots can damage underground pipes. But if you have a large garden and can place it 50 feet away from utilities, then they'll be a lovely addition. They are also short-lived compared to many slower growing trees, and only last a few decades.
Experts at Bower %26 Branch (opens in a new tab) suggest planting a row of weeping willows in front of a row of slower growing but longer-lived trees, such as oak. Weeping willows love water, so if you have a natural pond, place a tree next to it to complete the romantic scene. The sugar maple (Acer saccharum) is a popular tree for providing shade due to its dense crown, and is also one of the best trees for fall color. Sugar maples are hardy in zones 3-8 and grow best in well-drained, acidic to slightly alkaline soils.
Another prominent fall tree, the red maple, or Acer rubrum, is a moderately fast-growing species with a growth rate of 1 to 2 feet per year. Red maple grows in zones 3-9 and is tolerant to most soil types. The dawn sequoia, Metasequoia glyptostroboides, is one of the best trees to shade in a hurry, growing more than 2 feet tall each year. It is also a tree with a fascinating history, since before the middle of the 20th century it was considered extinct and was revealed through fossils that it existed alongside dinosaurs.
Dawn redwood can be grown in zones 5-8, and the good news is that it requires little maintenance, requires no pruning, and has minimal susceptibility to problems or diseases. The oriental red cocoon grows to a height of 20 to 30 feet, with a gloriously wide canopy that extends 25 to 35 feet when it matures. It grows in zones 4-9 and is widely seen in eastern states. Red flower buds tolerate most types of soil.
The green or red ash tree (Fraxinus pennsylvanica) is an incredibly versatile shade tree, which grows in zones 2 to 9 at a rapid rate of more than 2 feet per year and provides a generous canopy for shelter under it. American chewing gum will thrive in zones 5-9, but it doesn't like pollution and needs a lot of root space. Fast-growing pines are best for getting quick shade in large gardens; try loblolly pine (zones 6) or eastern white pine (zones 3). The fastest-growing shade trees grow at a rate of about 2 feet per year.
This group includes northern red oak, tuliparbol and dawn redwood. If you are in the U.S. In the US, always remember to call “811” before any project that involves excavating. They can help you identify areas where you shouldn't dig.
It's not uncommon to find a 14-foot tall tree weighted by a six-hundred-pound root ball wrapped in burlap and a wire cage. Planting these trees is incredibly tiring, but they offer immediate gratification in terms of size. Both river birch and paper birch grow at a rate of approximately 13 to 24 onids, the copper fungicide Rtu Natural, the quarter-gallon sunrise redwoods require almost no maintenance and offer a fairly unique feature, losing their needles every winter. They reach between 70 and 100 feet in height and generally provide an extension of 25 feet.
Walnut trees are no stranger to Texas, where the state tree is. With delicious nuts and an incredible height and extension (70 to 100 feet high and 40 to 70 feet wide), few trees offer as many benefits as walnuts. The biggest disadvantage of walnut trees is that they grow a large main root, making it difficult to transplant them, except when they are very young and small, they can produce more than 100 pounds of nuts per year. It reaches 50 to 80 feet in height, with an enormous extension of 60 to 100 feet.
At a total height of 75 to 100 feet with an equally sized extension, the sycamore tree is an excellent shade tree. Save yourself the trouble of growing from seed and buy a tree that is already a few feet tall. Grower's Solution's 1-gallon potted plants are available on Amazon. These are our favorite fast-growing shade trees to keep you cool and provide you with privacy and ornamental beauty.
In the shape of a vase, with arched, upright branches and rich dark green leaves that turn tan-brown in autumn. It grows 60 to 70 feet tall by 40 to 50 feet wide; prefers full sun to partial shade, but adapts to a variety of soils. These fast-growing shade trees tolerate wind, pollution and drought, making them a viable street tree. Trees B and B are established almost immediately after planting, and their huge root ball keeps the trees firmly in place.
When it comes to a landscape tree that offers shade and beauty, river birch is a no-brainer: its extensive canopy will cover a lot of soil, while its exfoliating bark, which peels off to reveal layers of cream, salmon and black, will attract attention. The leaves of young trees are huge and, in autumn, the leaves fall directly from the tree without changing color. Another popular oak that grows quickly to become a large shade tree is the red oak (Quercus rubra), a beautiful and majestic tree that offers impressive autumnal decor. Most of us want trees that fill up quickly, but the same qualities that cause a tree to gain height quickly often turn it into a pest or a weakening.
Large, established, and relatively easy to transport potted trees are the most common option when buying a new garden tree. The roots of the red maple are shallow, so it is best to plant it away from entrances, sidewalks and other walkways. Early structural pruning is vital to ensure that these trees don't turn into a huge tangle of branches, but if you have space to let a tree grow and do whatever it wants, this is the plant for you. The large and striking flowers of the catalpa, also known as the cigar tree or the Catawba, are an added attraction to having this shade tree in your garden.
Its long, soft needles detach from the tree after seven years of growth and offer natural and easy padding under the tree area. If you want to take the slow road and try to grow these trees from seeds, the seeds of the Chilean black mesquite are available on Amazon, in packs of 50. Fruit and nut trees bloom and harvest, while flowering trees that shade brighten your garden with flowers. The more sun this light-loving tree gets, the more flowers it will show off, but keep in mind that its flowers tend to be high in the canopy of mature plants, so appreciate them when your tree is still young and short.
The good news is that the best trees for shade are also some of the best trees for privacy, allowing you to protect your garden to create a calm and secluded environment. . .